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Tasmania is a dynamic and culturally, religiously and linguistically diverse State, with a long history of migration.
The Tasmanian Aborigines first arrived in Tasmania over 35,000 years ago. They were followed by British settlers from 1803, further European and Asian settlers with the gold rush of the mid-1800s, and expanding European migration post World War II.
Today, more than 57,650 people, or 11.6 per cent of the Tasmanian population, were born overseas, while over 24 per cent of Tasmanians, or 113,969 people, have one or both parents born overseas. In total, Tasmania has residents from over 170 countries, with 24 religions and over 75 languages spoken1.
During 2012, just over 900,000 visitors, including over 140,000 international visitors, came to Tasmania for travel, employment or business purposes2. Of the 26,000 tertiary students in Tasmania, 3,000 are international students from over 100 countries3.
Regardless of the reason for migration or when they arrived, the resulting cultural, religious and linguistic diversity is a key asset for the State. It brings economic and social benefits that enhance and strengthen communities, and is an integral component in building a socially inclusive society.
An inclusive society is one where all Tasmanians have an equal opportunity and responsibility to contribute to Tasmanian life. It means that people are treated with respect, dignity and without discrimination. As such, it is important to respect and make provision for a diversity of cultures, languages and religions within the context of Australian and State law.
Regardless of country of birth, language, culture, religion, or time of arrival, all people in Tasmania share common aspirations for good health and wellbeing, equitable access to affordable Tasmanian Government services, societal acceptance and participation in the community.
The Government acknowledges Tasmania's first people and their significant and ongoing cultural contributions in Tasmania. The Government endeavours to develop and implement policies which support cultural continuity and facilitate social inclusion.
The Government affirms its commitment to promoting a multicultural society that values diversity, cohesion and harmony.
A strong, confident and inclusive society where all Tasmanians are treated fairly, with respect and without discrimination; and have an equal opportunity, and responsibility, to engage in Tasmanian life.
All Tasmanians have an equal opportunity and responsibility to contribute to Tasmanian life, are treated with respect, dignity and without discrimination; and have the right to cultural, religious and linguistic expression within the framework of Australian and State law.
Equitable access to affordable Tasmanian Government services and participation for all Tasmanians to reach their full social, economic and cultural potential.
The Tasmanian Multicultural Policy principles underscore the Tasmanian Government's commitment to multiculturalism and aim to enhance social cohesion, social and economic participation and access to services in our State.
To recognise and place value on Tasmania's cultural and linguistic diversity; to acknowledge that the skills of all Tasmanians provide social and economic benefits; and to develop and use these resources and skills for the overall benefit of Tasmania.
The Tasmanian Government recognises that the knowledge, skills and contacts of migrant and multicultural communities are a key asset for Tasmania's social and economic development. People bring strong work ethics, skills and experience to the workplace, and make a major contribution to life in the arts, sport, science, research, business and the community4. Moreover, global cultural and commercial connections can enhance trade and investment opportunities for all Tasmanians.
To accept and respect the culture, language and religion of all Tasmanians within the framework of Australian and State laws.
The Tasmanian Government acknowledges and celebrates the State's cultural and linguistic diversity and conducts programs to promote positive community relations. The Government proposes all individuals and institutions should respect and make provision for the diverse culture, language and religions of others within an Australian legal and institutional context. Promoting understanding and acceptance while responding and taking a firm stand against expressions of intolerance and discrimination is essential5.
To recognise the rights of all Tasmanians to fair and equitable access to the services of the Tasmanian Government, taking into account the needs arising from the cultural and linguistic diversity of the community.
The Tasmanian Government acknowledges the right of all Tasmanians to fair and equitable access to services, regardless of their cultural or linguistic backgrounds. The Government also acknowledges that some people may need additional support and assistance to access services. In line with best practice in access and equity, it is important that Government services are 'accessible by all eligible Australians, responsive to their needs, and deliver equitable outcomes to them'6.
To recognise and encourage the right of all Tasmanians to participate in, and contribute to, the social, political, economic and cultural life of Tasmania.
It is important that individuals and communities have access to the personal, social, economic and civic resources and relationships that make life healthy, productive and happy7. The Tasmanian Government seeks to assist community development and encourage full and equitable participation by all Tasmanians in social and economic life, irrespective of their backgrounds.
A community relations approach addresses Principle 1 and 2; it links the expression of cultural diversity with the acknowledgement that diversity is a key asset for the State.
It also encourages a greater degree of acceptance and respect for people of different national, religious, cultural and linguistic backgrounds; acknowledging the significant social, cultural and economic contribution they make to the State.
The Tasmanian Government takes a firm stand against expressions of intolerance and discrimination in this State and assists in strengthening the positive interactions with and within communities.
The Government is building community relations through:
The strategy of enhancing access and equity addresses Principle 3.
The Tasmanian Government is keen to ensure that all people in Tasmania have equitable access to services and that service delivery is responsive, of high quality, and enables equitable outcomes.
The introduction of a multicultural access and equity framework across Government will assist agencies to provide more responsive services to meet the needs of people from culturally, linguistically and religiously diverse backgrounds.
It is important that culturally and linguistically diverse communities are able to provide feedback on agency multicultural access and equity performance, and that strategies are developed to capture information related to consumer satisfaction so services can identify issues and needs and respond with practical, effective solutions.
The Department of Premier and Cabinet will lead this important work and support agencies to develop and implement the multicultural access and equity framework. This will ensure a continued focus on culturally responsive service delivery and on implementation of the multicultural principles.
The Tasmanian Government enhances access to its services by:
The strategy of fostering social and economic participation and community development addresses Principle 4.
Social and recreational participation includes being connected with community, engaged in decision making, involved in volunteering and supportive of local networks. Awareness and access to existing community events and programs can also provide an invaluable resource.
The Tasmanian Government promotes acceptance, understanding and participation through targeted employment and training programs that offer people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds opportunities to develop their skills and abilities.
It is important to support Tasmania's culturally, linguistically and religiously diverse organisations and associations, recognising the important role they play in strengthening and enhancing Tasmania's multicultural community.
It is about building local capacity, leadership, investment in the community sector, and participation in local, state and national councils and forums.
The Tasmanian Government fosters socialand economic participation and communitydevelopment through:
The Tasmanian Government is committed to strengthening community consultation and engagement as a key mechanism for information sharing, decision-making and developing culturally appropriate services, so that:
Community consultation and engagement can also help ensure feedback is provided on the quality and effectiveness of services, policies, and programs. The Tasmanian Government will:
A community is a group of people who share something in common. It may be location, interests, culture, language, beliefs, values or traditions. Individuals can be members of many communities. Communities can also identify and form around an issue.
A group of people who share and connect based on similar cultural background or heritage. They may not be mono-cultured associations: people have many identities, including many cultural identities, and can be members of many communities. However, culturally-based associations may form on the basis of a strong shared background.
The association may be formally or informally constituted.
In this Policy diverse cultural, religious and linguistic background is a broad concept which encompasses the differences that exist between people, such as language, dress, traditions, food, societal structures, art and religion.
This Policy takes a broad definition, where migrant means 'any person who lives temporarily or permanently in a country where he or she was not born, and has acquired some significant social ties to this country'8.
By this definition, a person who comes as a skilled worker, international student, former humanitarian entrant, or through a family-reunion scheme, is considered a migrant. It is acknowledged that such a definition does not differentiate between those who exercise a degree of choice to come to Tasmania and those who arrive having been displaced or forced to leave their homes.
'Multiculturalism' is a policy and practice approach aimed at enabling cultural, religious and linguistic diversity within a goal of social cohesion and inclusion.
In this Policy social cohesion is defined as a concept that 'describes social connectedness, including family and community well-being, taking account of economic inequalities. Social cohesion is developed through the nature and quality of interrelationships, and manifests in a sense of community. Social cohesion is also linked to economic development, and policies which support social cohesion may also increase investment attractiveness and business competitiveness'9.